Category: Great Britain
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is located in the northwestern part of Europe and consists of the island of Great Britain, England, Scotland and Wales, and parts of the island of Ireland, which occupies Northern Ireland. The Isle of Man and the Channel Islands have a special dominion status.
The state is washed by the waters of the Atlantic Ocean from the northwest and the North Sea – from the east. On the south side it is separated from the mainland by the English Channel.
Great Britain is a land of fogs and torrents. The climate here is different in each region, but in general it is temperate, mild, wet due to the warm Atlantic currents of the Gulf Stream. On average, the air temperature throughout the year is + 11 ° C in the south and + 9 ° C in the north-east of the state.
London, the southeast part and Westland are the warmest places, and Scotland is the coldest. The climate of Wales and Northern Ireland is mild and humid.
In the mountainous regions of the country snow cover lies from November to April-May. The most abundant rainfall in Scotland, Northern Ireland, the mountains of England and Wales.
The form of government is the Constitutional monarchy. The administrative state consists of 4 historical provinces – England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland, which are divided into many counties.
England: 39 counties, 6 metropolitan counties and a special administrative unit – Greater London (the capital of London).
Wales: 8 counties (the capital of Cardiff).
Scotland: 12 regions and 186 islands (the capital of Edinburgh).
Northern Ireland: 26 counties (capital Belfast).