Venezuela is a state in the north of South America, washed by the Caribbean Sea of the Atlantic Ocean. The country’s terrain is very diverse – high mountains (related to the Andes) in the north-west, vast plains in the center of the country, Guiana’s plateau in the east. Almost the entire country is irrigated by the Orinoco River and its numerous tributaries: Apure, Arauca, Capanoparo, Caur, Paraguay, and Karani. Also in Venezuela, on the Churun River, is the highest waterfall in the world – Angel, 979 m.
The largest lake – Maracaibo, is also the largest in South America and one of the oldest in the world, connects to the sea through a canal that has been deepened for the passage of ocean vessels. In the basin of the lake there are rich oil deposits, and on its shores live almost a quarter of the country’s population.
The name Venezuela came from “Little Venice” – so it was called European travelers, who were surprised by the houses of the Indians on Lake Maracaibo, standing on piles and something like a famous Italian city.
Venezuela was discovered by Columbus in 1498 and until the beginning of the XIX century was under the rule of the Spaniards except for 1528 – 1556, when the rights to colonize these lands were sold to German businessmen (in three decades this “transaction” was canceled). July 5, 1811 Venezuela, as a result of the struggle led by the national hero Simon Bolivar, gained independence from Spain. For about a decade, liberation wars were fought in this region, the Spaniards returned for a short time, borders of states were reshaped, but by 1830 Venezuela, having separated from Great Colombia, had formed in its current borders.
Hostages of Maduro. How Venezuela rolls over the brink of civilization Record inflation of 13 thousand% and about 3 million citizens who left the country – before that Venezuela brought its president’s policy, which...