Historical Denmark.

Historical Denmark

We will tell you interesting facts about Denmark in this article.

  • Capital: Copenhagen
  • Population: 5,2 million persons
  • Language: Danish
  • Religion: evangelistic and Lutheran national church.
  • Currency: Danish krone

The main sight of Denmark – picturesque villages and the cities, locks and monuments of last centuries, the cool shady beechen woods and beautiful lakes. The coastline changes from wide sandy beaches of the western part to small rocky bays and accurate fjords, dunes and rocks.

Copenhagen – Museum of the Ships of Vikings, Palace Hristianborg (18th century), where zasedant Danish Parliament, National library, royal museum Arsenal, Zamok Rozenborg, world famous ‘amusement park’, palace complex of Amaliyenborg (18th century), well-known Marble cathedral.

Nyukhavn (‘New Harbour’) – the favourite place of artists, photographers, journalists and tourists, near Nyyukhavn the National museum and art gallery ‘Glipoteka’, and also a unique zoo with 2 thousand animal species are located. The biggest area – Kongens-Nyutorv (‘New Royal’) on whom there are an Academy of Arts placed in the former royal residence Sharlottenborg and also the Royal theater founded in 1722.

Town Hall Square is considered the center of Copenhagen, and on the embankment it is possible to see the well-known sculpture of the Little Mermaid – a city symbol. Near Copenhagen there are a Gothic lock (the summer residence of the queen) and the best-known Museum of Modern Art Louisiana in Europe.

In 10 km. from Copenhagen there is a park Bakken – the oldest amusement park in the world, and to the South from the area of Tayn Hall – other amusement park – Tivoli. Near the city of Aarhus the world famous Legolend park is located.

Fyunen (‘Garden of Denmark’) – the museum under the open sky: medieval castles, landowner estates and old parks are kept in here original state both are still manned and are carefully protected.

Odense – the birthplace of Hans Christiaan Andersen, in July-August holds festivals of his name here and there is a museum of the great storyteller.

Helsingere – the fortress of Kronbeorg, the biggest building in Scandinavia and the scene of action of Shakespearean Hamlet, Frederiksborg Palace where now the National Museum of History, a cathedral in Roskilde (12th century), the Museum of Vikings and the Museum of the Tram in Skyoldenskholm is placed.

National parks of Hessele and Pile have kept a primitive landscape of northern Europe.

It is possible to get acquainted with the Dane here


Denmark – the state in the northwest of Europe, in the north of the Central European lowland, at an entrance to the Baltic Sea.

The country is almost island: her only border passing by land is 67 kilometers dividing Denmark and northern Germany. The country is washed by two seas – Northern and Baltic, length of the coastline of 7500 km. The peninsula Jutland and 406 islands are a part of Denmark, from them about 100 are inhabited. Generally they are located between Jutland and the Scandinavian Peninsula and are collectively called – the Danish archipelago. And here the island of Bornholm isn’t included into the archipelago because lies in the Baltic Sea though too Danish. This favourite vacation spot of Danes.

The largest islands of the Danish archipelago are called Zealand, Fyn, Lolland, Falster and Maine.

The largest island of the world – Greenland – too belongs to Denmark, however, its inhabitants live under laws of internal autonomy.

Denmark – the country for romantics, for those who love elements of water, a kaleidoscope of landscapes and almost house atmosphere of hospitable hospitality. The main wealth which “the person the vacationer” can estimate here are beaches: in places they are so free that width them reaches several honeycombs meters. If you want to make sure that you enjoy a holiday not alone, it is worth going to the western coast of Jutland – the favourite vacation spot both Danes, and guests of the country.

As for the Danish fascinating landscapes, there are also coastal lowlands continually flooded by sea inflows here and swamps in the south of Jutland – them is precautionary have fenced with dams, – both plains of the western Denmark, and tongues of sand, and cretaceous rocks, and picturesque rocks, and severe shkher at the island of Bornholm. There is one more memorable line of Denmark – uncountable hills: they were built by the last freezing. On hills the free woods, and between them – heathlands rustle.


Danish krone equal to the 100th era. In the course of a banknote of 1000, 500, 200, 100 and 50 kroner, a coin of 20, 10, 5, 2 and 1 krone, the 50 and 25 era.

Money can be exchanged almost in all offices of banks. In most hotels cash traveler’s checks and exchange main types of foreign currency, but at rather unfavorable rate. Money can be exchanged also in post offices (are open on Saturdays). Eurocheques and traveller’s checks (it is the best of all in pounds sterling) accept all large banks, hotels, shops and restaurants. Credit cards are accepted everywhere. ATMs are available in all large banks. Tourists from the countries which aren’t entering the EU can return the VAT for some goods at departure from the country


Still quite recently in Copenhagen existed sandwich-type which has received honor to be included in the well-known Guinness Book of Records. If you have got to her when she worked, then to you would suggest to study the menu of 140 centimeters on 178 variations of sandwiches. They say, one visitor has nearly choked, studying this treatise for gluttons: the hungry spasm has squeezed to the poor creature a throat.

If you stay in hotel or a board, know: always waits for you from 7:00 till 10:00 an early breakfast, having tried which, you will understand what is the well-known buffet. From 12:00 till 14:00 in Denmark it is accepted to taste actually a breakfast, and our way – a lunch. Danes and, naturally, guests of the country when the sun droops, have dinner from 18:00 till 21:00. Someone will ask: “And where dinner?”. The dinner in Denmark is too, it is the latest meal, and she represents the cold, not warmed lunch.

In Denmark it is accepted to absorb beer everywhere, always, at any time and, of course, behind each meal. Beer is given and sold at every turn. According to fresh sociological researches, Danes lately are drawn more towards light and nonalcoholic beer, however, milk popular drink too.

Danes have got used to feel like children of the nature – here like to bathe bared. Naked bathing is limited only on the few beaches. The portly mother of family or the gray-haired grandfather without bathing accessories striding on tender sand of the Danish beach – local exotic.

Danes are very tolerant, appeasable people, kindness – their national line. They are democratic, generous and never refuse to themselves an excess glass of beer. Danes love ancient traditions, art and think of the historic facts connected with heritage of their homeland much. If you want to gain the Dane or the Dane, praise with all the heart Denmark. National pride – common feature of residents of this wonderful hospitable country.


Temperate sea climate – here the business card of the Danish climate.

Here quickly and often weather changes (especially in the western Jutland). The country “is constantly and actively aired”; the western winds blows more, than from other parts of the world. And at night the Danish winds nevertheless abate though it doesn’t mean that behind quiet night serene morning will follow.

In east Denmark rainfall weak, in the central Jutland – strong, and in western – moderate. In the fall and winter of rainfall it is more, than in the spring and in the summer.

Weather in Denmark is defined by the warm Gulf Stream Current. Thanks to him in this country quite warm winters: average temperature of February – 0 degrees of S. V to the middle of July not a rarity temperature is +16 degrees of Page.


Danes – originals here in what relation: around their homeland the seas teeming with any tasty fish lap, and they like to eat… pork. Of course, it doesn’t mean that pork – the only dish on a table all day long. Danes prefer to eat nourishingly therefore, for example, the same adored pork, chicken or fish are served most often to a table together with potatoes, dense sauce, red cabbage, beet and pickles.

The Danish national dish –  dreams Meuse to a flyoza – dense blackcurrant kissel with whipped cream.

If you have run to eat in cafe or restaurant among day, will surely offer you coffee and appetizing rolls: the whole world knows them under the name Copenhagen or Danish. In Denmark they are considered as the Vienna rolls.

There are in the menu of the Danish food institutions today’s specials, they are designed for those at whom from the played appetite eyes run up, and in desires and thoughts – utter chaos. The waiter will always offer you usual or minced steak, and also tens of options of differently prepared salmon.

World famous national dish – sandwiches). In what their singularity? Speaking to the modern language, in “heap up”. In one or two layers stack on a chunk of rye or white loaf pieces of crayfish or crabs, fish, quenelles, raw smoked gammon, language, ham, and also all that will turn up in kitchen under a hand. The Danish sandwiches are good with a garnish; onions, a radish, a sea cabbage, anchovies or capers can become it. All this work of art is watered with mayonnaise and … don’t lose the tongue!


About 5.2 million people. The main population (98%) – Danes.


Constitutional monarchy, the head of state – the queen, legislative body – unicameral parliament (folketing).


The huge number of Danes (about 88%) belong to evangelistic and Lutheran national church. According to the constitution of Denmark it is also the state religion. About 60000 people in Denmark practise Islam, about 30000 people – Catholics.


In the country internal transport connection is highly developed. Coast of the divided Denmark connect ferries. The network of public transport of the Danish capital consists of the subway (S-train, 10 lines) and bus routes. System of tariffs, the general for the subway and buses, is based on division of the city into zones. By buses it is necessary to pay the driver, and in the subway buy the ticket in cash desk, and then punch it in the yellow device placed on a platform. the 24-hour travel card on all zones costs €10,19, and 72-hour – €23,51. ‘Copenhagen Card’ allows to move beyond all bounds by buses and electric trains within Copenhagen and Northern Zealand, and also offers free access practically to all sights of the region. She costs €21,94 for one day, on two – €36,05, and on three – €46,24. For children from 5 to 11 years – is twice cheaper. Taxi belong to the different automotor companies which tariffs differ a little among themselves. The usual price – €3,31 for landing and €1,25 for one kilometer. After 18:00 and on the weekend of a quotation for kilometer of a run about €1,57 raise. Journey by a taxi from the airport to the city center fluctuates from €17 to 21.


Official language – Danish. Also are used: English, German, French.

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